The Plumeria Care Tips
Originally the name of the plant was written Plumiera in honor of the French botanist Charles Plumier (1646-1704). Its scientific name is Plumeria today. Its vernacular name, Plumeria or Frangipani, used in France and Italy, come from an Italian marquis, Pompeo Frangipani, armed Marshal under Louis XIII and member of the famous family. The marquis invented a perfume made from almonds, similar to the smell of the Plumeria flowers, with which he perfumed its gloves and shoes to hide the smell of leather, from where the name Plumeria / Frangipani. However, according to author Peter Loewer, the Spanish priest Francisco de Mendoza, would have described this plant before Plumier in 1522.
The Plumeria alba flower is one of Laos' national symbols as the dok champa.
In several Pacific islands such as Tahiti, Fiji, Hawaii, New Zealand, Tonga and the Cook Islands, the Plumeria is used in wreaths. In Polynesian culture, frangipani flower worn by women on the right ear means she is free, and on the left she is taken (such as the tiara).
Inside, you choose a very bright and ideally sunny place much of the day. The ideal is a veranda. You can move it outside from May to October.
To flourish, the Frangipani needs a contrast between 2 seasons, dry winter and wet summer.
The Plumeria is native to Central America and therefore do not fit in any climate. It is a gélive plant that does not bear the thermometer drop below 5 ° C. During the wintering period, it must be at a temperature between 13 and 15 ° C. During other periods, the ambient temperature suits him well. He will need at least 20 degrees in the day to bloom.
Repotting and surfacing to enrich the substrate
Inside, the Frangipani pot culture requires a relatively rich soil and therefore a good potting soil.
It is therefore important to choose a well-drained soil and ventilated to prevent water from stagnating. A garden soil mix of peat and sand in equal parts well suit him and the ground for cacti. An intake of sand mixed with a fibrous loam is ideal. To increase the drainage, a 5 cm layer of clay beads can be arranged at the bottom pot to improve drainage.
If you want to plant a Frangipani in the ground, wait for spring and choose a sunny and not too windy.
Planing with compost in March and in late June. Once a year, bring a natural fertilizer in May. Remove faded flowers in order to stimulate the emergence of new flowers.
Frangipani do not like having its feet in the water.
Frangipani requires very little water in winter but regular watering in spring and summer, especially if it is hot. This is the essential condition for it to flourish.
In March, when the days get longer and the leaves begin to open, resume regular watering until the autumn. The substrat must always dry of 1 cm on the surface between waterings to prevent suffocation of the roots. Always sprinkle with non calcareous water.
Watering is the most important task to follow because to get flowers, it is essential to mark the seasons.
Like any potted plant, Frangipani will appreciate the addition of liquid fertilizer for flowering plants or cacti, at a rate of at least once a month during the growing period from May to August.
Exhibition & Location
To cultivate the Frangipani in Europe, it is important to install it in a bright place (minimum 4 hours / day). Big Windows, verandas and greenhouses are ideal for its cultivation, but it can be kept in an apartment in a sunny room. Frangipani hate confined atmospheres, it needs good ventilation.
Foliage and Flowers
Depending on the species, the Plumeria has a deciduous or semi-evergreen foliage. The flower is 5 cm in diameter and has five large lobes that bloom in clusters on the stems that have not yet leaves.
The Frangipani is a shrub that blooms generally after 2 to 4 years. To ensure flowering, it is important to recreate two distinct seasons, similar to its natural conditions. To flourish, it needs temperatures above 20 ° C and regular watering in summer.
Disease, pest and parasite
If you distinguish a heap white cottony, this is definitely the cochineal. It is active throughout the year, and is most commonly found indoors. This parasite settles when the atmosphere in the room is too dry and high temperature.
Remove mealybugs, by hand, and the small white clusters which are the eggs. Then, eliminate scale insects with a cotton swab dipped in alcohol to burn or denatured alcohol or dip a brush in linseed oil mixture and soap and brush on scale insects. They will be stifled. Make spraying with a mixture of one liter of water, a tablespoon of rubbing alcohol or burn alcohol and a tablespoon of soap. It must be sprayed on and under the leaves. The treatment is repeated every 4-5 days until disappearance of mealybugs. Pyrethrum-based products are also effective.
If attacks are important, treat with an insecticide "special scales" which is rapeseed oil base. Do not use oily products on cacti and succulents since fat removes the protective layer which is on the skin of their leaves.
It is also possible that the Frangipani is confronted with decay when the soil is too wet.
Only water when the soil is dry and make sure your pot does not let water stagnate with roots, it should be well drained and pierced through the bottom.
-The Red Acarien:
It is also called "Red Spider". It occurs, usually especially in the greenhouse by hot, dry weather (containment attracts parasites). It appreciates the warm, dry atmospheres and fits underneath the leaves. The red mite is very active from June to September in the garden but all year indoors in greenhouses and verandas. A leaf attacked by red spider mite has small yellow spots, becomes grayish and dries completely. In addition, the red mite weaves an extra fine cloth that suffocates the buds of plants.
To avoid red mites, insure good humidity. It is advisable to regularly spray the foliage of Frangipani with water at room temperature or warm. We must insist on the underside of leaves where spiders like housing. Ventilate the room. Get out your Frangipani outside in summer, if you have the opportunity.
Ladybugs are the best friends of Frangipani as they feast on red mites!
The milky sap That escape from boughs when you cut them is toxic.
Growth, size, height
In tropical conditions, the Plumeria can reach 10 meters high in the ground.
In the tropics, cultivated in pots, it can reach 2 meters. If well maintained, it can also reach that height in Europe.
A cut is not really necessary. Remove faded flowers in order to stimulate the emergence of new flowers and to avoid depleting the plant.
-When to Prune?
a cut to remove the rebels branches and keep a pretty appearance must be done in late February until April, when the plant is at rest. Do not prune your Frangipani each year, otherwise you will never see the flowers that form at the ends of the branches.